Fyrd

Lit. 'a military expedition', hence host. Before the Norman Conquest, the *AS militia or military host. Fyrd-service formed a part of the *trimoda necessitas owed to the king. Failure to present oneself was subject to heavy fines: a *thegn was liable to forfeiture, while a retainer would owe his lord 40s for not attending. In Henry I's reign the fine was 120s. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Fyrd — Fyrd, Fyrdung Fyr dung, n. [AS.; akin to E. fare, v. i.] (Old. Eng. Hist.) The military force of the whole nation, consisting of all men able to bear arms. [1913 Webster] The national fyrd or militia. J. R. Green. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fyrd — /ferrd/, n. 1. the militia in Anglo Saxon England. 2. the duty to serve in this militia. [ < OE fyrd, fierd, akin to faran to go, FARE] * * * ▪ Anglo Saxon militia       tribal militia like arrangement existing in Anglo Saxon England from… …   Universalium

  • Fyrd — Die Fyrd wurde die angelsächsische Miliz genannt. Sie bestand aus freien Einwohnern Englands. Diese waren verpflichtet, sich für eine bestimmte Zeit im Jahr (meist ein bis zwei Monate) für den Kriegsdienst dem König zur Verfügung zu stellen. Ihre …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fyrd — The Anglo Saxon Militia. Special King s Peace prevailed while to or from or during Fyrd service. ♦ Anglo Saxon army. (Prestwich, Michael. Armies and Warfare in the Middle Ages: The English Experience, 347) …   Medieval glossary

  • fyrd — /fard/ Sax. In Anglo Saxon law, the military array or land force of the whole country. Contribution to the fyrd was one of the imposts forming the trinoda necessitas (Also spelled ferd and fird. ) …   Black's law dictionary

  • fyrd — see fierd …   Old to modern English dictionary

  • fyrd- — see fierd …   Old to modern English dictionary

  • fyrd — levy …   The Old English to English

  • fyrd — [fə:d, fɪəd] noun the English militia before 1066. Origin OE, of Gmc origin; related to fare …   English new terms dictionary

  • fyrd — n. hist. 1 the English militia before 1066. 2 the duty to serve in this. Etymology: OE f. Gmc (as FARE) …   Useful english dictionary

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